Så fungerar Wikipedia/Källförteckning

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av Lennart Guldbrandsson

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[ 219 ]

Källförteckning

Wikipedia är mer transparent än vad man kan tro. De flesta av siffrorna i den här boken är till exempel tagna från den officiella statistiksidan, http://stats.wikimedia.org. Om jag inte anger annat, kommer informationen därifrån. Data från den sidan används sedan till att sammanställa till exempel

http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias och
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Wikipedia_statistics
som också är mycket praktiska.

När det gäller den del av Wikipedias historia som inte består av siffror, har jag använt flera av Wikipedias egna artiklar,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Wikipedia,
http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_timeline och
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliability_of_Wikipedia samt de sidor som länkas till därifrån.

Några böcker som jag har hämtat mer inspiration än information ifrån är
”Wikipedia – The Missing Manual” av John Broughton (O'Reilley, 2008),
”Wikipedia – Das Buch” Henriette Fiebig (red), (Wikipress, 2005) samt
”Wikipedia – L'enciclopedia sul web” av Christina Ortolani.

Övriga källor är:

  1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/16/AR2007091601699_pf.html ”On Wikipedia, Debating 2008 Hopefuls' Every Facet” av Jose Antonio Vargas i The Washington Post, 2007
  2. http://aronsson.se/wikipaper.html Lars Aronssons essä om driften av Susning.nu
  3. http://theses.lub.lu.se/archive/2007/05/29/1180427557-29658-753/2006-16.pdf ”I mötet mellan tradition och förändring - Om Wikipedia som encyklopedi ” av Vladimir Nemeshajmer och Karin Stjärne Nordqvist, examensuppsats, Lunds universitet, 2006
  4. http://reagle.org/joseph/2005/ethno/leadership.html

[ 220 ]

  1. http://nostalgia.wikipedia.org/wiki/Why_on_Earth_would_I_want_to_contribute_to_a_wiki Arkiverad Wikipediasida om varför man ska bidra till Wikipedia med citat av Larry Sanger
  2. http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~reid/papers/group282-priedhorsky.pdf Undersökning av klotter gjord av University of Minnesota
  3. http://www.alleyinsider.com/2008/3/better_idea_for_wikipedia_go_private_give_away_profits Dan Malven argumenterar för att Wikipedia ska bli kommersiella och skänka överskottet till välgörenhet
  4. http://www.alleyinsider.com/companies/wikipedia Alley Insider tippar att Wikipedia skulle vara värt 7 miljarder
  5. http://www.shirky.com/herecomeseverybody/2008/04/looking-for-the-mouse.html Clay Shirky menar att Wikipedia bygger på 100 miljoner mantimmar, medan TV tittats på 200 miljoner mantimmar
  6. http://fof.se/index.lasso?id=03810a Forskning och Framsteg om en undersökning om att vi blir dummare på engelska
  7. http://uppslag.psilander.se/ne.htm Om Nationalencyklopedin och att varje band innehåller ungefär 60 fel. Från webbplatsen Svenska uppslagsverk av Christofer Psilander
  8. http://uppslagsbok.blogspot.com/ Blogg om uppslagsböcker och fakta på nätet av Hans Husman
  9. http://www.lotten.se/2007/08/wikipedia-och-ne-i-kkets-mrker.html Blogginlägg om Wikipedias tillförlitlighet av Lotten Bergman, 2007
  10. http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia Artikeln Wikipedia på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia
  11. http://sv.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Bybrunnen&oldid=6024750#M.C3.A4ta_aktivitet_p.C3.A5_sv:wikipedia Att mäta aktivitet på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia, diskussion på Bybrunnen
  12. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4209575.stm BBC News berättar om en tolvårig pojke som hittat fem fel i Encyclopaedia Britannica. Se även http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Errors_in_the_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica_that_have_been_corrected_in_Wikipedia

[ 221 ]

  1. http://lankskafferiet.skolutveckling.se/information/vardera.html Länkskafferiet om att värdera källor på nätet
  2. http://www.realtid.se/ArticlePages/200702/21/20070221152154_Realtid647/20070221152154_Realtid647.dbp.asp Realtid.se:s undersökning ”Slaget om bästa webbuppslagsverket”, 22 februari 2007
  3. http://www.svd.se/kulturnoje/nyheter/artikel_305804.svd Svenska Dagbladets undersökning ”Gratis nätlexikon får bra betyg”, 30 mars 2006. Nio ämnen i blindtest. Arne Ekman: ”Wikipedia är en härlig idé.”
  4. http://www.biblioteksforeningen.org/bbl/bbl2006/Biblioteksbladet_nr4_2006.pdf Biblioteksföreningens tidning Biblioteksbladet, nr 4 2006. Tre experter jämför varsin artikel på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia, Susning och NE
  5. PC-tidningen, nr 10 2007, jämförelse Wikipedia och Nationalencyklopedin
  6. PC för Alla, nr 7 september 2006, jämförelse Nationalencyklopedin, Spray IQ, Susning.nu och svenskspråkiga Wikipedia
  7. Radioprogrammet Vetandets värld, 22 augusti 2007, jämförelse svenskspråkiga Wikipedia och Nationalencyklopedin
  8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:User_survey Om den tyska undersökningen av wikipedianer 2005
  9. http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anv%C3%A4ndare:Habj/Wikimania_2006 Svensk wikipedians skildring av Wikimania 2006 i Boston där 0,5% var svarta
  10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Wikipedia_resources_for_researchers Är en bra startpunkt för att göra research om Wikipedia
  11. http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/reports/TR2007-606.pdf Dartmouth Computer Science-forskares jämförelse mellan oinloggade och registrerade användares bidrag
  12. http://stats.grok.se/sv/200805/Differentialekvation Webbtrafikstatistiken för artikeln Differentialekvation under maj 2008. http://stats.grok.se/ är en bra webbtrafikmätare för olika Wikimedia Foundation-projekt.

[ 222 ]

  1. http://www.toolserver.org/~thebainer/articlesizes/index.php Verktyg för att se genomsnittslängden på artiklar i en språkversion av Wikipedia
  2. http://www.internetworldstats.com/top25.htm Topp 25 i internetutbyggnad i världen
  3. http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_Wikipedias_by_sample_of_articles En mätning av vilka språkversioner som har flest artiklar av listan på: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/List_of_articles_every_Wikipedia_should_have
  4. http://wikistics.falsikon.de/latest/ Statistik över webbtrafik där det visas att svenskspråkiga Wikipedia har 1,7 miljoner träffar per dag.
  5. http://www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/article428443.ab ”Svensk ambassad kopierade Wikipedia” i Aftonbladet, 2007
  6. http://www.ibls.com/internet_law_news_portal_view.aspx?s=latestnews&id=1668 Wikipedia används av USA:s federala domstolar och World intellectual property organisation
  7. http://www.nedworks.org/~mark/reqstats/reqstats-monthly.png Wikitechs webbtrafiksiffror där antalet requests är mellan 20 och 45 000 per sekund
  8. http://www.gearfire.net/4-ways-wikipedia-needing-cite/ 4 sätt att använda Wikipedia av signaturen ”Rebecca” på Gearfire: Tips for academic success
  9. http://computersweden.idg.se/2.2683/1.167780 ”Är Wikipedia att lita på?” av Folke Schimanski i Computer Sweden
  10. http://www.randolphschool.net/alumni/welcome/profiles.asp?newsid=432566 Biografi över Jimmy Wales från hans skola
  11. http://www.valdostadailytimes.com/entertainment/cnhinspopculture_story_223174601.html?start:int=15 ”Geek to Chic” om Jimmy Wales i Valdosta Daily Times, 2006
  12. http://mj.barczyk.se/blog/247/wikipedia-vs-nationalencyklopedins-ordbok-ideellt-vs-kommersiellt-baserat-kunskapsnat Blogg som jämför Wikipedia och Nationalencyklopedin av Mickey J Barczyk, 2005.

[ 223 ]

  1. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/businesstechnology/2004286879_btwikipedia17.html ”Wikipedia experiences growing pains” av Alana Semuels i Seattle Times Business & Technology, 2008
  2. http://trends.google.com/websites?q=wikipedia.org Google Trends för Wikipedia.org
  3. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/21131 ”The Charms of Wikipedia” av Nicholson Baker i New York Times Review of Books, 2008
  4. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1005293.html ”Anarchy, democracy and dictatorship” av Naomi Darom i Haaretz om israeliska Wikipedia, 2008
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Modelling_Wikipedia%27s_growth Modell för Wikipedias tillväxt hittills och framöver
  6. http://www.smartmobs.com/2007/02/27/wikipediahighly-edited-entries-and-who-makes-these-edits/ Om kvaliteten i de mest redigerade artiklarna, av Jim Downing, 2007
  7. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:M%C3%BCnchen/Archiv#2003.10.28_Dienstag_Erstes_Treffen Beskrivning av vad som hände första wikiträffen, 2003
  8. http://wikipediastory.com/wiki/Main_Page Boken The Wikipedia Story:s webbplats
  9. Wikinomics av Don Tapscott och Anthony D. Williams (Portfolio, 2006)

Vill du ha mer information om Wikipedia finns:

[ 224 ]

Bildförteckning

Alla bilder i den här boken är fria. Du får gärna ladda ner och använda dem. De är hämtade antingen från Wikimedia Commons (markerade med *) eller utgör skärmdumpar från Wikipedia (kursiv stil). För att hitta en bild byter du ut Filnamn mot det riktiga filnamnet ur listan nedan i: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Filnamn. I stort sett alla tabeller har jag däremot gjort själv.

  1. ”Blinda undersöker en elefant”, Image:Blind men and elephant2.jpg, illustratör okänd, ur Sophie Woods bok World Stories for Children, public domain
  2. ”Diff: Kritik av det praktiska förnuftet”, text under GFDL
  3. Mall:Solsystemet, GFDL
  4. Tabell: Antal artiklar i engelskspråkiga Wikipedia
  5. Tabell: Antal artiklar på de tio största språkversionerna av Wikipedia
  6. Tabell: Nya artiklar/dag i genomsnitt, svenskspråkiga Wikipedia
  7. *”Länken till senaste ändringarna”, del av
  8. Image:Mozilla_Firefox_Svenska_Wikipedia.png, Czar, den del jag använder är i GFDL
  9. Senaste ändringar, GFDL
  10. *”Versionshistorik för ”Tornedalingar”, bild:LA2-reading-hist.png, LA2, GFDL
  11. Den översta menyn, GFDL
  12. Min bevakningslista, GFDL
  13. Diskussionssida för Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band”, GFDL
  14. Mall:POV”, GFDL
  15. Specialsidor i verktygslådan, GFDL
  16. Tabell: Användargrupper
  17. *”Wikinews reporter intervjuar Shimon Peres”, Image:David Shankbone and Shimon Peres.jpg, David Shankbone, GFDL

[ 225 ]

  1. Flikarna längst upp, GFDL
  2. Redigerar Sverige, GFDL
  3. Redigerar Kritik av det praktiska förnuftet, GFDL
  4. Tabell: Traditionell encyklopedi vs Wikipedia, GFDL
  5. Tabell: Wikipedia-lathund, GFDL
  6. Länken till Skapa ett konto eller logga in, GFDL
  7. Logga in, GFDL
  8. Skapa ett konto, GFDL
  9. Huvudsida Commons, GFDL
  10. Tabell: Vanliga mallar, GFDL
  11. Tabell: Mallar som kräver variabler, GFDL
  12. Tabell: Mallar som kräver variabelnamn, GFDL
  13. Tabell: Kritik mot Wikipedia, sammanställd av Einar Spetz
  14. Tabell: Storlek på olika uppslagsverk, GFDL
  15. Tabell: Medias betyg på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia, GFDL
  16. Tabell: Kvalitetsmätningar av svenskspråkiga Wikipedia, GFDL
  17. Tabell: Wikipedias och NE:s extramaterial, GFDL
  18. Tabell: Wikipedias och NE:s användarvänlighet, GFDL
  19. Tabell: Wikipedias skribenter yrken och kunskaper, GFDL
  20. Article size distribution” från Toolserver.org, http://www.toolserver.org/~thebainer/articlesizes/, thebainer, GFDL
  21. Tabell: Tio i topp om fem år, GFDL
  22. *”Denis Diderot av Louis-Michel van Loo”, Image:Louis-Michel van Loo 001.jpg, public domain
  23. *”Ward Cunningham uppfann wikitekniken”, Image:Cunningham2.jpg, SJ, public domain
  24. *”Jimmy Wales, 2005”, Image:Jimmy-wales-frankfurt2005-alih02.jpg, Andrew Lih, CC-by-SA 2.5
  25. *”Larry Sanger, 2007”, Image:L Sanger.jpg, Jhurlburt, CC-by-SA 2.5

[ 226 ]

  1. * ”Den äldsta bevarade sidan på Wikipedia”, Image:UuU.png, Eduardo Corrêa , GFDL
  2. * ”Jimmy Wales på wikifika utomhus i London, 2004”, Image:20040605-jimbo-sermononmount.jpg, Andrew Lih, GFDL
  3. * ”John Seigenthaler Sr, 2004”, Image:John Seigenthaler Sr. speaking.jpg, Curtis Palmer, CC-by-sa-2.0
  4. * ”Essjay/Ryan Jordan, 2007”, Image:Essjay.jpg, Essjay, GFDL
  5. * ”Virgil Griffith, 2007”, Image:VirgilGriffithFace.jpg, Meng Weng Wong, public domain
  6. Götaland: Den äldsta bevarade artikeln på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia”, den del jag har med är i GFDL
  7. * ”Susnings logotyp”, Image:Susning.nus logo.png, Lars Aronsson, public domain
  8. * ”Lars Aronsson, 2006”, Image:Lars Aronsson at Reimersholme 2006-07-16.JPG, Caesar, CC-by-sa-2.5
  9. * ”Ökningen av antalet artiklar på svenskspråkiga Wikipedia efter november 2002”, Image:SvWikipedia.png, Liftarn, Petter Strandmark, public domain
  10. Tabell: Antal redigeringar/artikel i genomsnitt, GFDL
  11. * ”Dan Köhl, 1998”, Image:Dan Koehl1998.jpg, Jutta Kirchner, GFDL
  12. ”Jag blir intervjuad av Thomas Melin för tidningen Nisse Hult, 2007”, Image:Thomas Melin and Lennart Guldbrandsson.JPG, Valentin Jurov, CC-by-sa 3.0
  13. * ”Styrelsen och några medlemmar, 2008”, Image:Wikimedia Sveriges årsmöte 2008-4.jpg, Dcastor, Public domain
  14. * ”Jimmy Wales”, Image:JimmyWalesJI5.jpg, Joi Ito, CC-by-sa 2.0
  15. * ”Linus Tolke”, http://www.lysator.liu.se/svmud/bilder/linus.jpg, okänd fotograf, okänd licens
  16. * ”Lars Aronsson”, Image:LA2-Internetdagarna-2007.jpg, Johan Schiff, CC-by-sa 1.0
  17. * ”Linnea Sjögren”, del av Image:Wikimedia Sveriges årsmöte 2008-3.jpg, public domain

[ 227 ]

  1. * ”Sue Gardner”, Image:Sue Gardner May 2008 A.jpg, Lane Hartwell, 2007, CC-by-sa 3.0
  2. Tabell: Skillnaden mellan Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation och Wikimedia Sverige, GFDL
  3. *”Frank Schulenburg under mötet i Göteborg”, Image:Frank in gothenburg.JPG, Moralist, CC-by 3.0
  4. *”Hur Wikimedia Foundation vill spendera sina pengar”, Image:WMF 2007-2008 spending plans.svg, Mona Venkateswaran, Guillom, den del jag använder är i GFDL
  5. *”Alla vet inte att Commons innehåller så här bra bilder. Berätta det gärna för dem.”, Image:Consolation-Lake-Szmurlo.jpg, Chuck Szmurlo, CC-by-3.0
  6. *”Zedler-medaljen delas ut under Wikipedia Academy”, Image:Johann-Heinrich-Zedler-Medaille.jpg, Arne Klempert, GFDL
  7. *”Så här borde Wikipedia se ut. Eller?”, Image:Size of English Wikipedia broken down.png, Nikola Smolenski, Chris Applegate, CC-by-SA 2.5

Omslag:
Förutom bilder från övriga boken använder omslaget följande bilder:

  1. *Image:Size of English Wikipedia in August 2007.svg, Nikola Smolenski, CC-by-SA 2.5
  2. *Image:Stephen Colbert 2 by David Shankbone.jpg, David Shankbone, GFDL
  3. Redigera Wikipedia, GFDL
  4. *Hand i ovanstående, Image:Mano cursor.svg, Mushii, CC-by-SA 3.0
  5. ”Författarporträtt, framsida”, Matilda Brasch, CC-by-SA 2.5
  6. *”Gå bakom kulisserna”, Image:Academy Goettingen Moeller 0824.JPG, Tobias Möller, CC-by-SA 2.5
  7. *”Författarporträtt, baksida”, Image:Lennart Guldbrandsson Ordförande WikimediaSverige.jpg, Moralist, GFDL

[ 228 ]

  1. *Image:Hatiora_×graeseri_flower.jpg, FoeNyx, CC-by-SA 2.0-fr
  2. *Image:MontBlanc2c.jpg, Sanchezn, CC-by-SA 3.0
  3. *Image:Wfm headbg.jpg, Finlay McWalter, GFDL
  4. *Image:Monkey-typing.jpg, okänd fotograf, public domain
[ 229 ]

Licenstexter

Min text i den här boken ligger under CC-by-sa 3.0. Vissa korta delar av texten är tagen från Wikipedia. För bilderna gäller antingen någon av Creative Commons licenser, public domain eller GFDL.

GFDL

Version 1.2, November 2002
Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

0. PREAMBLE

The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others. This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft license designed for free software.

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G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections and required Cover Texts given in the [ 231 ]Document's license notice.

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I. Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title, and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. If there is no section Entitled "History" in the Document, create one stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous sentence.

J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise the network locations given in the Document for previous versions it was based on. These may be placed in the "History" section. You may omit a network location for a work that was published at least four years before the Document itself, or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.

K. For any section Entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications", Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the section all the substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements and/or dedications given therein.

L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.

M. Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements". Such a section may not be included in the Modified Version.

N. Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorsements" or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.

O. Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice. These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.

You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a standard.

You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version. Only one passage of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or through arrangements made by) any one entity. If the Document already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.

The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.

5. COMBINING DOCUMENTS

You may combine the Document with other documents released under this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty Disclaimers.

The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but different contents, make the title of each such section unique by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number. Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.

In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled "History" in the various original documents, forming one section Entitled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled "Acknowledgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications". You must delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements."

6. COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS

You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.

You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.

7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS

A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if the copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual works permit. When the Document is included in an aggregate, this License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on covers that bracket the [ 232 ]Document within the aggregate, or the electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic form. Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket the whole aggregate.

8. TRANSLATION

Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4. Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special permission from their copyright holders, but you may include translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a translation of this License, and all the license notices in the Document, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include the original English version of this License and the original versions of those notices and disclaimers. In case of a disagreement between the translation and the original version of this License or a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail.

If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", or "History", the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual title.

9. TERMINATION

You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except as expressly provided for under this License. Any other attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.

Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number. If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.

How to use this License for your documents

To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of the License in the document and put the following copyright and license notices just after the title page:

Copyright (c) YEAR YOUR NAME.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts, replace the "with...Texts." line with this: with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST. If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other combination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situation.

If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit their use in free software.

Creative Commons

CC-BY-SA 2.5

Du får:
att Dela — att kopiera, distribuera och sända verket
att Remixa — att skapa bearbetningar

På följande villkor:

  • Erkännande. Du måste ange upphovsmannen och/eller licensgivaren på det sätt de anger (men inte på ett sätt som antyder att de godkänt eller rekommenderar din använding av verket).
  • Dela Lika. Om du ändrar, bearbetar eller bygger vidare på verket får du endast distribuera resultatet under samma licens eller en liknande licens som denna.

Vid all återanvändning och distribution måste du informera om licensvillkoren som gäller för verket. Det bästa sättet att göra detta är genom en länk till den här webbsidan. Undantag från villkoren ovan kan meddelas av [ 233 ]upphovsrättsinnehavaren. Ingenting i denna licens begränsar upphovsmannens ideella rätt. Texten hämtad från: commons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/deed.sv Detta är endast en sammanfattning, den fulla licenstexten finns här: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/legalcode

CC-BY-SA 3.0

Du får:
att Dela — att kopiera, distribuera och sända verket
att Remixa — att skapa bearbetningar

På följande villkor:

  • Erkännande. Du måste ange upphovsmannen och/eller licensgivaren på det sätt de anger (men inte på ett sätt som antyder att de godkänt eller rekommenderar din använding av verket).
  • Dela Lika. Om du ändrar, bearbetar eller bygger vidare på verket får du endast distribuera resultatet under samma licens, en liknande licens eller en licens som är kompatibel med denna licens.

Vid all återanvändning och distribution måste du informera om licensvillkoren som gäller för verket. Det bästa sättet att göra detta är genom en länk till den här webbsidan. Undantag från villkoren ovan kan meddelas av upphovsrättsinnehavaren. Ingenting i denna licens begränsar upphovsmannens ideella rätt. Texten hämtad från: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.sv Detta är endast en sammanfattning, den fulla licenstexten finns här: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode

CC-BY-NC-ND

Du får:
att Dela – att kopiera, distribuera och sända verket

På följande villkor:

  • Erkännande. Du måste ange upphovsmannen och/eller licensgivaren på det sätt de anger (men inte på ett sätt som antyder att de godkänt eller rekommenderar din använding av verket).
  • Ickekommersiell. Du får inte använda verket för kommersiella ändamål.
  • Inga bearbetningar. Du får inte förändra, bearbeta eller bygga vidare på verket.

Vid all återanvändning och distribution måste du informera om licensvillkoren som gäller för verket. Det bästa sättet att göra detta är genom en länk till den här webbsidan. Undantag från villkoren ovan kan meddelas av upphovsrättsinnehavaren. Ingenting i denna licens begränsar upphovsmannens ideella rätt. Texten hämtad från: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/deed.sv Detta är endast en sammanfattning, den fulla licenstexten finns här: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode

Public Domain (PD)

Skaparen har avlidit
This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years

Skaparen släpper bilden fri
I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. This applies worldwide. In case this is not legally possible: I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Läs mer om Public Domain på:
http://se.wikipedia.org/wiki/en:Public_domain
http://se.wikipedia.org/wiki/sv:Public_domain